metaf2xml Logo metaf2xml: parse and decode METAR, TAF, SYNOP, BUOY and AMDAR and write data as XML
(deutsche Version, versión española)

metaf2xml can download, parse and decode aviation routine weather reports (METAR, SPECI, SAO), aerodrome forecasts (TAF), synoptic observations (SYNOP), observations from buoys (BUOY) and meteorological reports from aircrafts (AMDAR). The extracted data can be written as XML or passed to a user-defined function (all done in Perl).

It also provides XSLT style sheets to convert the XML to plain language (text, HTML), or XML with different schemas. A web-based (CGI) user interface can be used to download and display up-to-date weather data from NOAA, Ogimet, and other sources.

Content Screenshots
decoded TAF
TAF SBGL
(HTML, español)
decoded METAR
METAR KJFK
(HTML, english)
decoded METAR
METAR UUEE
(HTML, Русский)

Latest version

The latest version (2015-12-23) is 1.58 (TAR, RPM, ZIP), and includes also README, change log, ToDo, distinfo, and DTD.

Background

METAR and SPECI (weather observation) and TAF (weather forecast) information is essential for flight planning and in-flight decisions (real flight and simulation). It is regularily compiled by meteorologists for more than 6200 airports worldwide and distributed via reliable, non-public networks. SYNOP information is collected by more than 7600 manned and unmanned meteorological stations and more than 2500 mobile stations around the world and is used for weather forecasting and climatic statistics. The format of the original messages is abbreviated, some items are coded.

Here are some METAR, TAF, and SYNOP messages from Rio (SBGL, 83746), New York (KJFK, 74486), and Tokyo (RJTT, 47662) and messages from nearby buoys:

SBGL 021100Z 12004KT 9000 SCT010 BKN030 BKN080 24/21 Q1015
SBGL 020800Z 0212/0318 33005KT 6000 BKN015 TN23/0308Z TX30/0317Z BECMG 0213/0215
 16015KT 8000 BKN020 PROB30 TEMPO 0218/0223 4000 RA BKN015 BECMG 0301/0303 30007KT SCT025 BECMG 0306/0308
 24007KT 6000 SCT015 BECMG 0313/0315 17015KT 9999 SCT025 RMK PGB
KJFK 021151Z 00000KT 10SM SCT200 BKN250 12/09 A3008 RMK AO2 SLP184 T01220094 10150 20106 53016 $
KJFK 021121Z 0212/0318 33005KT P6SM BKN250 FM021800 24006KT P6SM BKN250 FM030100
 32005KT P6SM SCT250 FM030400 02004KT P6SM SCT250 FM031600 24007KT P6SM SKC
RJTT 021130Z 10007KT 9999 FEW010 BKN050 BKN170 16/15 Q1015 BECMG 04005KT RMK 1CU010 5SC050 7AC170 A2999
RJTT 021105Z 0212/0318 36004KT 9999 FEW015 SCT030 BECMG 0300/0303 36016KT
AAXX 02064 83746 21458 82103 10234 20215 30124 40134 53017 76162 885// 333 60021
AAXX 02064 74486 NIL
AAXX 02064 47662 11/65 83405 10136 20125 30116 40145 56006 60211 72586 888// 555 00145
ZZYY 44775 02115 1100/ 737111 069238 6113/ 11119 40176 52006 22219 00243 444 20130
 02115 1058/ 50101 80104 80023 9/015
ZZYY 31541 02115 1100/ 527363 042357 6111/ 22219 00237 444 20110 02115 0731/ 50101 80101 80011 9/015
ZZYY 21894 02115 1100/ 134231 143025 6113/ 22219 00231 444 2013/ 02115 1044/ 50101 80120 80027 9/015

The format of the messages (and a lot more about observing and reporting weather) is specified in WMO Manual No. 306 or in Annex 3 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation; some countries deviate from that standard or extend it, some have published documentation (e.g. Federal Meteorological Handbook No. 1 and No. 2 for the USA). Especially the format of the remarks for METAR and TAF messages, or the coding of sections 3 and 5 for SYNOP messages depend on the country or even the observing station.

metaf2xml can be used for flight simulations or by private pilot (students) who want to extend their knowledge about the message formats, and everyone who just wants to know the current or forecast weather at some station in plain language (see examples below).

Why another METAR/TAF parser?

There are other projects that deal with METAR and TAF messages, e.g.:

But somehow I always missed a feature I liked to have.

Features of metaf2xml

processing of messages

The parser module (man page) accepts (= processes) or tolerates (= marks as error) many extensions to the standard; they are marked with "EXTENSION" in the source code. Many common minor errors in the format are corrected before parsing, more combinations of weather phenomenons are allowed, missing information is recognised in many cases, too.

All remarks are processed, some of them are interpreted depending on the issuing country or station, e.g. 'MON INVIS VAL FOSCHIA' and QUL/QUK (Italy), 'JP' (some carribean countries), 'YLO1' (military), everything from the Federal Meteorological Handbook No. 1 and the Air Force Manual 15-111 (19.12.2003), 'RSNK' and 'LAG PK' (data from other observing stations), and many more. Currently, more than 80 types of METAR remarks are recognised, excluding trivial keywords (see also the DTD).

This module can write the data as XML. Alternatively, a callback function can be registered which is passed step by step the same data in the same order as for the XML output.

The data contains solely information from the original message, with 2 exceptions: the relative humidity (actually 4 different values from 4 different formulas) and the ceiling (if there is one); these 2 items are cumbersome to compute with XSLT. For each data element, the corresponding text from the message is provided.

The intention is to gain as much information as possible from a message without interpreting parts of it wrongly, and that no parsing of the output data should be necessary.

source of messages

Messages can be specified simply as text. Additionally, the script metaf.pl (man page) can be used from the command line or as CGI script to download and display in plain language up-to-date weather data from Internet servers, an SQL database, or a local file.

metaf.pl uses the module src2raw.pm (man page) to extract correctly formatted messages from the files provided by public servers.

display of XML file

The project also provides XSLT style sheets to convert the XML to plain language as text or HTML in English, German, Spanish, and Russian (corrections and additions are welcome). The output in the text format is similar to the one of the program "metar" from the FlightGear project. The HTML output displays each message in a separate table. The leftmost column contains the original text for each element of the message, the top row contains the original message (see also project screenshots or examples below). To convert the content to text or HTML, the program "xsltproc" is used, but others that work similar shouldn't be a problem.

There are also XSLT style sheets to create a summary or overview: only some items of each message are shown in an abbreviated format, one line per message.

command line interface

The script metaf2xml.pl (man page) reads messages, processes them, and writes the XML data to standard output. It can serve as input for "xsltproc" or similar programs to get HTML or text.

The script metaf.pl (man page) can be used to fetch up-to-date messages from other sources.

web interface

Ideally, any XML capable browser should be able to process the XML with the XSLT style sheet specified in the file, and display the formatted result, but not all browsers are XML capable. The script metaf.pl (man page) provides an interface using either XML/XSLT or pure HTML. The XML data can be seen by viewing the source of the web page if "XML" was selected as output format.

source code is available and GPL

Everybody who wants to contribute is invited to do so. If you want to help you might pick a task from the ToDo.

To try it out

The latest version of metaf2xml can by tried out at SourceForge. However, the demo version cannot provide up-to-date messages for stations, as SourceForge does not allow outgoing connections to the internet. The messages are fetched from a database on the SourceForge server instead. The database is updated from time to time, only.

With the demo version with graphics (uses Ajax), the stations are marked with a dot on a map. The map can be viewed in different enlargements and can be moved by click and drag. The requested messages are displayed beneath the map, the latest one on top. The list of stations is created dynamically from the same database.

With the text-based demo version, weather messages can be entered. If an option with "id(s)" is chosen, station id(s) can be entered, too.

Sources for weather data

Several organisations and providers offer public access to up-to-date and older weather data, e.g.:

Useful links

demo version

(see also To try it out)

files from the latest version
man pages (generated from the Perl sources)
project links

Examples for messages in plain language

The result of the parsing of the above example messages can be found in example.xml (XML without XSLT style sheet reference). Using the XSLT style sheets from the project, the output in plain language (here: as HTML, summary first, detailed below) looks as follows:

Warning: The information below may be out-dated, inaccurate, or both. It is not suited for use in aviation.

Values of entries marked with * do not originate directly from the message, but are derived from its data.

station time (UTC) wind (kt) vis weather sky temp (°C) hum pressure (hPa) N/R
METAR SBGL 02., 11:00 ESE 4 9 km SCT010 BKN030 BKN080 24 83 %* QNH1015
TAF SBGL 02., 08:00 NNW 5 6 km BKN015 (v23@03., 08:00, ^30@03., 17:00)
BECMG FM 02., 13:00 TL 02., 15:00 SSE 15 8 km BKN020
PROB30 TEMPO FM 02., 18:00 TL 02., 23:00 4 km RA BKN015
BECMG FM 03., 01:00 TL 03., 03:00 WNW 7 SCT025
BECMG FM 03., 06:00 TL 03., 08:00 WSW 7 6 km SCT015
BECMG FM 03., 13:00 TL 03., 15:00 S 15 >=10 km SCT025
METAR KJFK 02., 11:51 calm 16.1 km SCT200 BKN250 12 (12.2) (^15.0/6h, v10.6/6h) 82 %* (83 %*) QNH1019 SLP1018.4 (+1.6/3h)
TAF KJFK 02., 11:21 NNW 5 >=9.7 km BKN250
FM 02., 18:00 WSW 6 >=9.7 km BKN250
FM 03., 01:00 NW 5 >=9.7 km SCT250
FM 03., 04:00 NNE 4 >=9.7 km SCT250
FM 03., 16:00 WSW 7 >=9.7 km SKC
METAR RJTT 02., 11:30 E 7 >=10 km FEW010 BKN050 BKN170 16 94 %* QNH1015 QNH1016
BECMG NE 5
TAF RJTT 02., 11:05 N 4 >=10 km FEW015 SCT030
BECMG FM 03., 00:00 TL 03., 03:00 N 16

type time (UTC) station vis cloud wind (kt) temp (°C) hum pressure (hPa)/GP (gpm) precip weather low,middle,high clouds cloud lvl N/P
SYNOP AAXX 02., 06:00 83746 8 km 8/8 300..<600 m SSW 3 23.4 89 %* SP1012.4 (+1.7/3h) SLP1013.4 2 mm/6h -RA, RA/6h 8/8 SC
SYNOP NIL AAXX 02., 06:00 74486 ?
SYNOP AAXX 02., 06:00 47662 15 km 8/8 NNW 5 13.6 93 %* SP1011.6 (-0.6/3h) SLP1014.5 21 mm/6h SHRA/1h, SHRA/6h, RA/6h 8/8 CU,SC 555 00145

type time (UTC) buoy wind (kt) temp (°C) hum pressure (hPa) N/P
BUOY ZZYY 02.11. xxx5, 11:00 44775 SLP1017.6 (+0.6/3h)
BUOY ZZYY 02.11. xxx5, 11:00 31541
BUOY ZZYY 02.11. xxx5, 11:00 21894

Warning: The information below may be out-dated, inaccurate, or both. It is not suited for use in aviation.

Values of entries marked with * do not originate directly from the message, but are derived from its data.

SBGL 021100Z 12004KT 9000 SCT010 BKN030 BKN080 24/21 Q1015
METAR METAR Report
SBGL station id: SBGL (Galeao, Brazil, 22° 49' 0" S 43° 15' 0" W 6 m)
021100Z observation time: on the 2., 11:00 UTC
12004KT Wind: from the east-south-east (120° (+4°/-5°)) at 7.4 km/h 4 kt = 4.6 mph = 2.1 m/s
9000 Visibility: 9000 (.. <10000) m 5.6 miles
SCT010 BKN030 BKN080 ceiling*: at 900 (.. <930) m 3000 ft
Sky condition: scattered clouds at 300 (.. <330) m 1000 ft
broken clouds at 900 (.. <930) m 3000 ft
broken clouds at 2400 (.. <2430) m 8000 ft
24/21 Temperature: 24 °C 75.2 °F
Dewpoint: 21 °C 69.8 °F
relative humidity*: 83 %
Q1015 altimeter: 1015 hPa 29.97 in. Hg = 761 mmHg

SBGL 020800Z 0212/0318 33005KT 6000 BKN015 TN23/0308Z TX30/0317Z BECMG 0213/0215 16015KT 8000 BKN020 PROB30 TEMPO 0218/0223 4000 RA BKN015 BECMG 0301/0303 30007KT SCT025 BECMG 0306/0308 24007KT 6000 SCT015 BECMG 0313/0315 17015KT 9999 SCT025 RMK PGB
TAF 30h aerodrome forecast
SBGL station id: SBGL (Galeao, Brazil, 22° 49' 0" S 43° 15' 0" W 6 m)
020800Z Issue time: on the 2., 08:00 UTC
0212/0318 Forecast period: from the 2., 12:00 UTC till the 3., 18:00 UTC
33005KT Wind: from the north-north-west (330° (+4°/-5°)) at 9.3 km/h 5 kt = 5.8 mph = 2.6 m/s
6000 Visibility: 6000 (.. <7000) m 3.7 miles
BKN015 ceiling*: at 450 (.. <480) m 1500 ft
Sky condition: broken clouds at 450 (.. <480) m 1500 ft
TN23/0308Z min. temperature: 23 °C on the 3., 08:00 UTC 73.4 °F
TX30/0317Z max. temperature: 30 °C on the 3., 17:00 UTC 86.0 °F
trend forecast:
BECMG 0213/0215 from the 2., 13:00 UTC till the 2., 15:00 UTC transition to:
16015KT Wind: from the south-south-east (160° (+4°/-5°)) at 27.8 km/h 15 kt = 17.3 mph = 7.7 m/s
8000 Visibility: 8000 (.. <9000) m 5 miles
BKN020 ceiling*: at 600 (.. <630) m 2000 ft
Sky condition: broken clouds at 600 (.. <630) m 2000 ft
PROB30 TEMPO 0218/0223 with 30 % probability from the 2., 18:00 UTC till the 2., 23:00 UTC temporarily:
4000 Visibility: 4000 (.. <4100) m 2.5 miles
RA Weather: moderate rain
BKN015 ceiling*: at 450 (.. <480) m 1500 ft
Sky condition: broken clouds at 450 (.. <480) m 1500 ft
BECMG 0301/0303 from the 3., 01:00 UTC till the 3., 03:00 UTC transition to:
30007KT Wind: from the west-north-west (300° (+4°/-5°)) at 13 km/h 7 kt = 8.1 mph = 3.6 m/s
SCT025 Sky condition: scattered clouds at 750 (.. <780) m 2500 ft
BECMG 0306/0308 from the 3., 06:00 UTC till the 3., 08:00 UTC transition to:
24007KT Wind: from the west-south-west (240° (+4°/-5°)) at 13 km/h 7 kt = 8.1 mph = 3.6 m/s
6000 Visibility: 6000 (.. <7000) m 3.7 miles
SCT015 Sky condition: scattered clouds at 450 (.. <480) m 1500 ft
BECMG 0313/0315 from the 3., 13:00 UTC till the 3., 15:00 UTC transition to:
17015KT Wind: from the south (170° (+4°/-5°)) at 27.8 km/h 15 kt = 17.3 mph = 7.7 m/s
9999 Visibility: >=10 km >=6.2 miles
SCT025 Sky condition: scattered clouds at 750 (.. <780) m 2500 ft
RMK Remarks:
PGB NOT RECOGNISED: PGB

KJFK 021151Z 00000KT 10SM SCT200 BKN250 12/09 A3008 RMK AO2 SLP184 T01220094 10150 20106 53016 $
METAR METAR Report
KJFK station id: KJFK (New York/John F. Kennedy Int., New York, USA, 40° 39' 0" N 73° 47' 0" W 7 m)
021151Z observation time: on the 2., 11:51 UTC
00000KT Wind: calm
10SM Visibility: 10 (>9.5 .. 10.5) miles 16.1 km
SCT200 BKN250 Sky condition: scattered clouds at 20000 (>19500 .. 20500) ft 6000 m
broken clouds at 25000 (>24500 .. 25500) ft 7500 m
12/09 Temperature: 12 °C 53.6 °F
Dewpoint: 9 °C 48.2 °F
relative humidity*: 82 %
A3008 altimeter: 30.08 in. Hg 1019 hPa = 764 mmHg
RMK Remarks:
AO2 automated station with precipitation discriminator (ASOS)
SLP184 sea level pressure: 1018.4 hPa 30.07 in. Hg = 764 mmHg
T01220094 Temperature: 12.2 °C 54.0 °F
Dewpoint: 9.4 °C 48.9 °F
relative humidity*: 83 %
10150 max. temperature since 6 hour(s): 15.0 °C 59.0 °F
20106 min. temperature since 6 hour(s): 10.6 °C 51.1 °F
53016 pressure change since 3 hour(s): +1.6 hPa, having decreased or steady, then increased; or increased, then increased more rapidly
$ automated system needs maintenance

KJFK 021121Z 0212/0318 33005KT P6SM BKN250 FM021800 24006KT P6SM BKN250 FM030100 32005KT P6SM SCT250 FM030400 02004KT P6SM SCT250 FM031600 24007KT P6SM SKC
TAF 30h aerodrome forecast
KJFK station id: KJFK (New York/John F. Kennedy Int., New York, USA, 40° 39' 0" N 73° 47' 0" W 7 m)
021121Z Issue time: on the 2., 11:21 UTC
0212/0318 Forecast period: from the 2., 12:00 UTC till the 3., 18:00 UTC
33005KT Wind: from the north-north-west (330° (+4°/-5°)) at 9.3 km/h 5 kt = 5.8 mph = 2.6 m/s
P6SM Visibility: >=6 miles >=9.7 km
BKN250 Sky condition: broken clouds at 25000 (>24500 .. 25500) ft 7500 m
trend forecast:
FM021800 from the 2., 18:00 UTC:
24006KT Wind: from the west-south-west (240° (+4°/-5°)) at 11.1 km/h 6 kt = 6.9 mph = 3.1 m/s
P6SM Visibility: >=6 miles >=9.7 km
BKN250 Sky condition: broken clouds at 25000 (>24500 .. 25500) ft 7500 m
FM030100 from the 3., 01:00 UTC:
32005KT Wind: from the north-west (320° (+4°/-5°)) at 9.3 km/h 5 kt = 5.8 mph = 2.6 m/s
P6SM Visibility: >=6 miles >=9.7 km
SCT250 Sky condition: scattered clouds at 25000 (>24500 .. 25500) ft 7500 m
FM030400 from the 3., 04:00 UTC:
02004KT Wind: from the north-north-east (20° (+4°/-5°)) at 7.4 km/h 4 kt = 4.6 mph = 2.1 m/s
P6SM Visibility: >=6 miles >=9.7 km
SCT250 Sky condition: scattered clouds at 25000 (>24500 .. 25500) ft 7500 m
FM031600 from the 3., 16:00 UTC:
24007KT Wind: from the west-south-west (240° (+4°/-5°)) at 13 km/h 7 kt = 8.1 mph = 3.6 m/s
P6SM Visibility: >=6 miles >=9.7 km
SKC Sky condition: sky clear

RJTT 021130Z 10007KT 9999 FEW010 BKN050 BKN170 16/15 Q1015 BECMG 04005KT RMK 1CU010 5SC050 7AC170 A2999
METAR METAR Report
RJTT station id: RJTT (Tokyo International Airport, Japan, 35° 33' 12" N 139° 46' 52" E 9 m)
021130Z observation time: on the 2., 11:30 UTC
10007KT Wind: from the east (100° (+4°/-5°)) at 13 km/h 7 kt = 8.1 mph = 3.6 m/s
9999 Visibility: >=10 km >=6.2 miles
FEW010 BKN050 BKN170 ceiling*: at 1500 (.. <1530) m 5000 ft
Sky condition: few clouds at 300 (.. <330) m 1000 ft
broken clouds at 1500 (.. <1530) m 5000 ft
broken clouds at 5100 (.. <5130) m 17000 ft
16/15 Temperature: 16 °C 60.8 °F
Dewpoint: 15 °C 59.0 °F
relative humidity*: 94 %
Q1015 altimeter: 1015 hPa 29.97 in. Hg = 761 mmHg
trends within the next 2 hours:
BECMG transition to:
04005KT Wind: from the north-east (40° (+4°/-5°)) at 9.3 km/h 5 kt = 5.8 mph = 2.6 m/s
RMK Remarks:
1CU010 phenomenon w. opacity: 1/8 (1/10) or less, but not 0/8 (0/10) cumulus at 300 (.. <330) m 1000 ft
5SC050 phenomenon w. opacity: 5/8 (6/10) stratocumulus at 1500 (.. <1530) m 5000 ft
7AC170 phenomenon w. opacity: 7/8 (9/10) or more, but not 8/8 (10/10) altocumulus at 5100 (.. <5130) m 17000 ft
A2999 altimeter: 29.99 in. Hg 1016 hPa = 762 mmHg

RJTT 021105Z 0212/0318 36004KT 9999 FEW015 SCT030 BECMG 0300/0303 36016KT
TAF 30h aerodrome forecast
RJTT station id: RJTT (Tokyo International Airport, Japan, 35° 33' 12" N 139° 46' 52" E 9 m)
021105Z Issue time: on the 2., 11:05 UTC
0212/0318 Forecast period: from the 2., 12:00 UTC till the 3., 18:00 UTC
36004KT Wind: from the north (360° (+4°/-5°)) at 7.4 km/h 4 kt = 4.6 mph = 2.1 m/s
9999 Visibility: >=10 km >=6.2 miles
FEW015 SCT030 Sky condition: few clouds at 450 (.. <480) m 1500 ft
scattered clouds at 900 (.. <930) m 3000 ft
trend forecast:
BECMG 0300/0303 from the 3., 00:00 UTC till the 3., 03:00 UTC transition to:
36016KT Wind: from the north (360° (+4°/-5°)) at 29.6 km/h 16 kt = 18.4 mph = 8.2 m/s

AAXX 02064 83746 21458 82103 10234 20215 30124 40134 53017 76162 885// 333 60021
SYNOP Synoptic observation (main hour)
section 0:
AAXX fixed land station
0206 observation time: on the 2., 06:00 UTC
4 wind data: kt
83746 station id: 83746 (Galeao, Brazil, 22° 49' 0" S 43° 15' 0" W 6 m) (South America)
section 1:
2 precipitation data: in section 3
1 weather data: in section 1
4 base of lowest cloud from: 300 m 980 ft
to: <600 m <1970 ft
58 Visibility: 8 (.. <9) km 5 miles
8 total cloud cover: 8/8 (10/10)
2103 Wind: from the south-south-west (210° (+4°/-5°)) at 5.6 km/h 3 kt = 3.5 mph = 1.5 m/s
10234 20215 Temperature: 23.4 °C 74.1 °F
Dewpoint: 21.5 °C 70.7 °F
relative humidity*: 89 %
30124 station level pressure: 1012.4 hPa 29.90 in. Hg = 759 mmHg
40134 sea level pressure: 1013.4 hPa 29.93 in. Hg = 760 mmHg
53017 pressure change (station level) since 3 hour(s): +1.7 hPa, having decreased or steady, then increased; or increased, then increased more rapidly
76162 Weather: slight rain
weather since 6 hour(s): rain
cloud covering more than half of the sky
885// cloud types: low: 8/8 (10/10) stratocumulus (not formed by spreading cumulus) (Sc)
mid-level: (not available)
high: (not available)
333 section 3:
60021 precip. amount since 6 hour(s): 2 mm 0.08 in.

AAXX 02064 74486 NIL
SYNOP NIL Synoptic observation (main hour) (report missing)
section 0:
AAXX fixed land station
0206 observation time: on the 2., 06:00 UTC
4 wind data: kt
74486 station id: 74486 (New York/John F. Kennedy Int., New York, USA, 40° 39' 0" N 73° 47' 0" W 7 m) (North and Central Amerika)
NIL report missing

AAXX 02064 47662 11/65 83405 10136 20125 30116 40145 56006 60211 72586 888// 555 00145
warning: not processed: 555 00145
SYNOP Synoptic observation (main hour)
section 0:
AAXX fixed land station
0206 observation time: on the 2., 06:00 UTC
4 wind data: kt
47662 station id: 47662 (Tokyo, Japan, 35° 41' 30" N 139° 45' 4" E 24 m) (Asia)
section 1:
1 precipitation data: in section 1
1 weather data: in section 1
/ base of lowest cloud: (not available)
65 Visibility: 15 (.. <16) km 9.3 miles
8 total cloud cover: 8/8 (10/10)
3405 Wind: from the north-north-west (340° (+4°/-5°)) at 9.3 km/h 5 kt = 5.8 mph = 2.6 m/s
10136 20125 Temperature: 13.6 °C 56.5 °F
Dewpoint: 12.5 °C 54.5 °F
relative humidity*: 93 %
30116 station level pressure: 1011.6 hPa 29.87 in. Hg = 759 mmHg
40145 sea level pressure: 1014.5 hPa 29.96 in. Hg = 761 mmHg
56006 pressure change (station level) since 3 hour(s): -0.6 hPa, having decreased, then steady; or decreased, then decreased more slowly
60211 precip. amount since 6 hour(s): 21 mm 0.83 in.
72586 Weather: shower(s) of rain during the preceding hour
weather since 6 hour(s): shower(s)
rain
888// cloud types: low: 8/8 (10/10) cumulus with stratocumulus, with differing bases (Cu and Sc)
mid-level: (not available)
high: (not available)

ZZYY 44775 02115 1100/ 737111 069238 6113/ 11119 40176 52006 22219 00243 444 20130 02115 1058/ 50101 80104 80023 9/015
BUOY Buoy observation
section 0:
ZZYY buoy
44775 buoy id: 44775 (North and Central Amerika)
02115 1100 observation time: on the 2.11.xxx5, 11:00 UTC
/ wind data: (not available)
737111 069238 station position: 37.111° N 69.238° W 37° 06.66" N 069° 14.28" W
6113/ quality of position: data is good
quality of time: data is good
position error (66 % confidence): <250 m <820 ft
111 section 1:
19 quality of this section: data is good
40176 sea level pressure: 1017.6 hPa 30.05 in. Hg = 763 mmHg
52006 pressure change (station level) since 3 hour(s): +0.6 hPa, having increased steadily or unsteadily
222 section 2:
19 quality of this section: data is good
00243 surface temperature: 24.3 °C 75.7 °F
444 section 4:
20130 quality of satellite transmission: good
quality of location: values at the beginning of the report are the latest known values
position error (66 % confidence): <250 m <820 ft
correction for values for the depth: depth are not corrected
02115 1058/ time of last known position: on the 2.11.xxx5, 10:58 UTC
501 type of buoy: Standard Lagrangian drifting buoy
01 type of drogue: holey sock
80104 80023 engineering status of buoy: 104 23
9/015 length of drogue cable: 15 m

ZZYY 31541 02115 1100/ 527363 042357 6111/ 22219 00237 444 20110 02115 0731/ 50101 80101 80011 9/015
BUOY Buoy observation
section 0:
ZZYY buoy
31541 buoy id: 31541 (South America)
02115 1100 observation time: on the 2.11.xxx5, 11:00 UTC
/ wind data: (not available)
527363 042357 station position: 27.363° S 42.357° W 27° 21.78" S 042° 21.42" W
6111/ quality of position: data is good
quality of time: data is good
position error (66 % confidence) from: >=500 m >=1640 ft
to: <1500 m <4920 ft
222 section 2:
19 quality of this section: data is good
00237 surface temperature: 23.7 °C 74.7 °F
444 section 4:
20110 quality of satellite transmission: good
quality of location: values at the beginning of the report are the latest known values
position error (66 % confidence) from: >=500 m >=1640 ft
to: <1500 m <4920 ft
correction for values for the depth: depth are not corrected
02115 0731/ time of last known position: on the 2.11.xxx5, 07:31 UTC
501 type of buoy: Standard Lagrangian drifting buoy
01 type of drogue: holey sock
80101 80011 engineering status of buoy: 101 11
9/015 length of drogue cable: 15 m

ZZYY 21894 02115 1100/ 134231 143025 6113/ 22219 00231 444 2013/ 02115 1044/ 50101 80120 80027 9/015
BUOY Buoy observation
section 0:
ZZYY buoy
21894 buoy id: 21894 (Asia)
02115 1100 observation time: on the 2.11.xxx5, 11:00 UTC
/ wind data: (not available)
134231 143025 station position: 34.231° N 143.025° E 34° 13.86" N 143° 01.50" E
6113/ quality of position: data is good
quality of time: data is good
position error (66 % confidence): <250 m <820 ft
222 section 2:
19 quality of this section: data is good
00231 surface temperature: 23.1 °C 73.6 °F
444 section 4:
2013/ quality of satellite transmission: good
quality of location: values at the beginning of the report are the latest known values
position error (66 % confidence): <250 m <820 ft
02115 1044/ time of last known position: on the 2.11.xxx5, 10:44 UTC
501 type of buoy: Standard Lagrangian drifting buoy
01 type of drogue: holey sock
80120 80027 engineering status of buoy: 120 27
9/015 length of drogue cable: 15 m

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